For the AQA B1 exam, you have to know all about how medicines are used and developed, and about both medicinal and recreational drugs – including arguments surrounding cannabis, and the use of steroids. We’re going to cover all of these topics in this article!
The Middle Ages were a bit of a quiet time as far as the development of medicine goes – especially in Europe. One of the main reasons for this was the church: for example, when the black death came along in the early 14th century, the church believed it was a punishment from god. However, the larger problem they created was the fact that they forbade any further research or experimentation that could lead to an improved medical understanding.
The Native Americans, like any other civilization, needed ways to deal with sickness and injury. Now, generally, the ways that the Sioux treated injuries or sickness are classed into two categories: rational medicine, and irrational medicine.
The Romans are a famous civilization, Rome was historically founded by two brothers, there’s a common English proverb stating that Rome ‘was not built in a night and a day’. Most people know that the Romans conquered a large section of the world, and had an empire spanning both continents and centuries, what the Romans aren’t as famous for, though, is their medical advancements and knowledge.
So, as interesting as the Roman conquest proves to be, it’s not entirely relevant to the medicine through time course. Oh, you’re studying that course? Read on to revise about the Roman’s medical know-how then…
In Ancient Greece, medicine developed considerably as people began to move away slightly from the emphasis on supernatural cures and towards scientific explanations. Natural and herbal remedies were very much moving to the fore at this time, and medical theories such as the Theory of the Four Humours arose as to the cause of disease alongside clinical observation. Here I explore Greek medicine in relative depth.